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Discuss the arguments for and against vegetarianism.

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Vegetarianism may be defined as a dietary style which completely excludes meat.

Eating vegetable sans meat may be the result of personal preference or religious injunction. Jainism and Buddhism, religions which contain the belief in reincarnation, argue that since each human is reborn (often as a lower animal) eating any animal or insect would be tantamount to cannibalism. However, most vegetarians have no such profound theory besides their individual liking of vegetables.

Scientific studies have shown that vegetable fats do not contain ingredients which promote heart disease. Nutritionists and dieticians advise people with heart problems to steer clear of meat, especially red meat. However, is it not necessary to supplement the diet with some meat?

Proteins are made up of several essential units called "amino acids" – lysine, valine, cystine, etc – several of which are missing from vegetable protein. Most vegetables do not contain lysine and valine. However, with increased research, beans have been found to contain almost all the necessary amino acids.

Vegetarians respect other animals′ right to live. If there were a species larger and more advanced than us, would it justify our being consumed by them? "Edible" animals such as cows, goats and hens are decreasing daily, as large numbers are consumed. This has resulted in "battery farming" and with the advent of advanced technology, cloning. Whether the animals resulting from these unnatural methods are as safe to eat as the ones "naturally" born, is left to be seen.

Eating vegetables (and fruits) ensures that all the necessary vitamins required by the body are supplied in sufficient quantities. Only three or four servings of fruit per day are enough to satisfy the Recommended Daily Allowance (RDA) of vitamins essential to the body.

Slaughtering animals is aesthetically repugnant. Even with advances in machine-run slaughterhouses, the gore and pollution so caused remains undimmed. Vegetarianism is a safe and healthy alternative.

However, the proponents of vegetarianism often do not pause to consider the cons. Vegetables today are not grown in purely natural conditions. Chemical pesticides and fertilizers may seep through the vegetable, making it unfit for human consumption.

Genetic engineering has worked to create "hybrid" (i.e. high yielding) varieties of vegetables and fruits, often creating enormously inflated yields, which look succulent and fresh, but are almost tasteless. Gene crossovers over several years have also resulted in strange mutations and less vitamins in the vegetables.

Vegetable protein needs to be restructured in the human body so that it can be employed to be of some use and in that too, several essential amino acids are found lacking.

Certain vegetables contain oxalic acid, which creates deposits in the kidneys or gall-bladder, usually called "stones", which are dangerous and very painful.

Also, if everyone were to turn vegetarian, where would all the excess farm animals go?

Man tends to think in terms of two opposite extremes, "Either-ors", neither of which may be acceptable. A good alternative to vegetarianism may be a diet containing a healthy mix of meat and vegetables. Meat may be used to provide the necessary proteins and vegetables the vitamin. Vegetables do not need to be cooked as much as meat, so the oil intake reduction may well lead to the reduction or even the prevention of the incidence of heart disease. Regular exercise would of course be an added security. Meat and vegetables both have their merits and demerits, excepting religious considerations and if given a choice, neither should be excluded from the diet in order to promote healthy living.


  1. ‘Vegetarianism’ is now a movement the world over. Many even associate it with animal rights. Indeed, a large number of people consider the consumption of meat and other non-vegetarian products to be a violation of animal rights; now lets use our common sense:

    If you observe the teeth of herbivorous animals like the cow, goat and sheep, you will find something strikingly similar in all of them. All these animals have a set of flat teeth i.e. suited for herbivorous diet. If you observe the set of teeth of the carnivorous animals like the lion, tiger or leopard, they all have a set of pointed teeth i.e. suited for a carnivorous diet. If you analyze the set of teeth of humans, you find that they have flat teeth as well as pointed teeth. Thus they have teeth suited for both herbivorous as One may ask, if Almighty God wanted humans to have only vegetables, why did He provide us also with pointed teeth? It is logical that He expected us to need and to have both vegetarian as well as non-vegetarian food.

    1. That's true but I am pretty sure that almighty god doesnot like the the way humans are torturing animals for consumption. Baby chicks have their legs and wings cut off so that they get fat. The conditions in which these animals are forced to live is disgraceful. Atleast when carnivorous animals eat them, they get to live naturally before they die, the way god intended. Most vegetarians like me are not against the idea of eating meat, We are against the way it is done.

    2. I do not agree with your saying about teeth designed to consume meat. There are some food that are hard such as nuts which is not meat. If you read the first paragraph, "Jainism and Buddhism, religions which contain the belief in reincarnation, argue that since each human is reborn (often as a lower animal) eating any animal or insect would be tantamount to cannibalism." there is indeed a teaching and books concerned about this. Human is reborn as lower animal, why? The things that human did especially bad ones will bring karma. Animals are living beings as well, they might be a family member of yours in your past life. Imagine yourself eating your parents, do you dare to? You do bad things such as killing beings and in your next life, you will be born as an animal and be eaten. This is karma and the beings you killed or eaten wants revenge. Don't you hate the one who tortured and lock you for your whole life in the cage? With no freedom and after that they kill you and cook you. Then, eat you. Can you bare that pain? Think. They are all living beings. Just that you are smart and more superior that other beings you make them your food? Then it's exactly right to go eat someone who is dumb than you. Then, wait for the lovely karma to come. :)

    3. Plot twist: We are reincarnated as plants, not animals :v
      The probability is just as likely as turning into animals since there is no evidence at all. These are just plain & simple beliefs.

    4. Well lets not talk abou life after death . Is there any proof that we humans will reborn as animals or plants? Has any plant or animal tell u that they were your parents and stuffs ? Nobody knows what we were before birth and after death dont argue about imaginary facts 😂
      And as for killing animals, well we all have studied ecosystem . So there is nothing wrong in eating meat . What is wrong is that animals should not be treated in a bad way as long as they are alive .
      Well we can have a farm or something for them to enjoy nature rather than keeping them in cages . But i dont think killing animals for your food is bad . Its how ecosystem goes and is balanced :)

  2. Well, I am a vegetarian and like to eat raw and fresh food. But through this I think I must intake a bit meat too. Thank you for the suggestion ! So, you are a non - veg ?????

  3. Of course, you should balance your diet and you're right that I'm a non vegetarian!

  4. I am not a vegetarian by choice. At 64 my cholesterol level was high and the doctor besides putting me on medicine, advised a vegetarian diet. Old habits die hard and it has taken me some real determination to avoid meat. Gradually converted to vegetables, although the joy of eating animal protein remains a nostalgia

  5. Is this really an A graded essay?
    I thought we must not use "etc" and brackets. Isn't it a rule of cambridge?

    1. Yes, it is indeed an A graded essay. Now, what you have to understand is that "A graded" essay doesn't mean a perfect essay. Moreover, nothing can be perfect and ideal. An essay, thus, can always be made "better". Yet, it cannot be made "the best"!

      The use of "etc" and brackets are discouraged by Cambridge. I suggest you to use their alternatives.

  6. This is a great essay showing good writing quality and content. Thanks for sharing it.

  7. "Eating vegetable *sans meat" should not it be without meat?
    whatever its a good essay!

    1. sans itself means without! Thanks for your appreciation.

  8. Fromantic which college did you do your a levels Mr. Prem Gaire ji?


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