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"Democracy possesses supreme governance." What's your view?

A nation does not belong to a person alone; but to all its citizens who want to lead their life in the way they want, that is, freely and independently. A need therefore arises to make a governing body which makes and amends laws as well as implements them for the benefit of the people. Democracy is one such form of governance which tries its best to address the needs, wants and preferences of the people.

As asserted by the famous American president Abraham Lincoln, "Democracy is the rule of the people, by the people and for the people." The political party which is elected by the people with majority of votes is allowed to form the government and exercise its plans and policies. Apart from the government, a legislative body constituting the directly elected people's representatives is also formed. It amends the laws and policies proposed by the governing party and formally establishes those policies as laws. It thus restricts the government from being autocratic. Therefore, in democracy, the people with high public trust rule the country. They address the needs of majority of the people while considering the rights of the minority.

Freedom is the backbone of democracy. People can openly criticize the misdeeds of the government or any other organizations which concerns them. Unlike autocratic forms of governance as the communism which deny public protest, democracy encourages such activities. The people in a democratic country can freely speak against others where justifiable. They can organise a public meeting, form groups and take part in political activities, social service and so on. Freedom and independence can be felt in a democratic nation to the extent they do not violate others' rights.

Equality is another distinctive feature of democracy. To treat everyone equally irrespective of their caste, gender, race, religion and other social classification is an important principle of democracy. Everyone is equal in the eyes of law and can enjoy all the rights he should get as a citizen of that country. He has the rights to life, liberty, freedom, privacy, owning property, seeking justice and so on. In any legal procedures people of democratic nations do not have to fall victim of prejudice and injustice.

Democracy protects its citizens from illegal activities and crimes. In every society there are some evil-minded people. They violate others rights, while enjoying their own or pursuing their greed. To prevent such happenings like crimes a set of rules are established along with the rights and duties. People are allowed to enjoy their rights only up to the extent that they do not disturb others. What would happen if people cross that limit? The provision is that law would punish them and safeguard the rights of the loyal citizens.

In the same way, people can seek for justice in a democratic nation. Those who are accused of crime but are not guilty get an opportunity to seek justice and have their say heard in the court. Only the convicts are punished and those who are not found guilty are set free. In many democratic nations, there are appellate courts and high courts where the people dissatisfied from the decision of the lower courts can again appeal for the review of their decisions. It follows that democratic form of governance tries its best to provide justice to the innocent while leaves no room to punish the convicts. Therefore, democracy has its ultimate aim to discourage violence and crime, and maintain peace and harmony in the society.

However, only those people who seek justice get benefitted. The crafty people can deceive law if their opponent is illiterate. To avoid this everyone should be well educated and be aware of all his rights and duties. Therefore, everyone should be careful about these matters to get justice.

In contrast to democracy, other governance systems have more demerits than merits. Communism advocates equality in everything. It neglects the variation of skill and thoughts in people. People are not free to pursue the life of their own choice. All people should perform some predetermined tasks set by law to get to eat and enjoy limited rights. Autocracy like monarchism, dictatorship and so on can easily turn selfish and biased. They may misuse their power to do justice to the convicts and injustice to the innocents. Rule of law is not guaranteed in such governance systems. Therefore, we can assess that other forms of governance cannot be in par with democratic form of governance.

To sum up, democratic form of governance is quite better form of governance as compared with others. Also it is the rule of the people themselves. It has an effective mechanism to maintain law and order in the country. Legislative organ formulates laws, executive body implements them and judiciary listens to the voices of those who are the victim of injustice. It has provision for the review of laws as well as decisions made by court. Therefore, although not perfect, democracy is the best form of governance system among the existing ones.


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