Tuesday, March 11, 2014

To what extent do you agree that emigration is a curse or blessing to a country?

Note: This post is not a complete essay but will help you brainstorm to write one.

Emigration means migration of people from their native country to settle in another country. It is a blessing in the regard that:
Population pressure decreases in the native country. Thus, the smaller population becomes easier to manage for the government there. Because the population density decreases to some extent, the problem of overpopulation like over-exploitation of resources, congested housings, increasing pollution, and so on are reduced to some extent.

The people who go abroad generally earn more, learn foreign technology, and then after a considerable time they contribute back to their homeland. In Nepal, Non Resident Nepalese (NRNs) are trying to invest in various potential sectors to accelerate Nepal’s development. Similarly, NRIs (of India) have also contributed in the same fashion to their homeland.

In case of some countries, the emigration for employment brings about remittance income to the home country. As a result, it increases the country’s balance of payment which is required to import goods from other countries. In many cases, the families of the emigrated individuals have led better lives after the remittance income started flowing in. This has led them to have access to better nutrition, education, health facilities and other services.

On the contrary, emigration is a curse in the following regards:

Brain drain. The more skilled, talented and capable manpower leaves the country. A shortage of skilled workers is felt in the home country. Because the highly skilled human resources are in short supply, the less skilled people tend to get the jobs and responsibilities resulting in poor job performance or output. This reduces the efficiency of the government employees as well as private sector employees.

Generally, the active and working age people emigrate. The children and senior citizens are left back. This brings demographic imbalance. Active population becomes lower and the dependent population becomes higher in the country. The acute demand for active population is felt especially to take both economic and social responsibilities.

Similarly, gender disequilibrium is also seen which also affects people’s lives. Mostly males are considered the breadwinner of the family in many societies, especially the less developed nations, and therefore, they are the ones to emigrate abroad for employment. As a result, husband and wives have to live separately. The children also don’t get love and care, which they deserve, from both parents. Many other social problems are seen, mostly related to family matters, including the broken marriages or remarriages, leading to chaos in children.

In the same way, emigration also reflects, subtly, the failure of the government to retain its citizens by providing them the services, facilities and opportunities they aspire. Generally, people emigrate to get employment or business opportunities, better education, better lifestyles, and better facilities among other things. Therefore, we can deduce that they are dissatisfied from their access to opportunities and facilities in their home country, which is why they emigrate.

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